Thursday, June 26, 2014

IBS Lab Investigations





  IBS Lab Investigations  A stool test is the analysis of a sample of stool. The health care provider will give the person a container for catching and storing the stool. The sample is returned to the health care provider or a commercial facility and sent to a lab for analysis. The health care provider may also do a rectal exam, sometimes during the physical exam, to check for blood in the stool. Stool tests can show the presence of parasites or blood.  A lower GI series is an x ray that is used to look at the large intestine. The test is performed at a hospital or an outpatient center by an x-ray technician, and the images are interpreted by a radiologist—a doctor who specializes in medical imaging. Anesthesia is not needed. The health care provider may give written bowel prep instructions to follow at home before the test. The person may be asked to follow a clear liquid diet for 1 to 3 days before the procedure. A laxative or an enema may be used before the test. A laxative is medication that loosens stool and increases bowel movements. An enema involves flushing water or laxative into the anus using a special squirt bottle.  For the test, the person will lie on a table while the radiologist inserts a flexible tube into the person’s anus. The large intestine is filled with barium, making signs of underlying problems show up more clearly on x rays.  For several days, traces of barium in the large intestine cause stools to be white or light colored. Enemas and frequent bowel movements may cause anal soreness. A health care provider will provide specific instructions about eating and drinking after the test. Flexible sigmoidoscopy and colonoscopy are similar, although colonoscopy is used to view the rectum and entire colon, while flexible sigmoidoscopy is used to view just the rectum and lower colon. These tests are performed at a hospital or an outpatient center by a gastroenterologist—a doctor who specializes in digestive diseases. Before either test, a health care provider will give written bowel prep instructions to follow at home. The person may be asked to follow a clear liquid diet for 1 to 3 days before either test. The night before either test, the person may need to take a laxative or one or more enemas. One or more enemas may also be required about 2 hours before a flexible sigmoidoscopy.  In most cases, light anesthesia and possibly pain medication help people relax during colonoscopy. For either test, the person will lie on a table while the gastroenterologist inserts a flexible tube into the anus. A small camera on the tube sends a video image of the intestinal lining to a computer screen. The tests can show signs of problems in the lower GI tract.



IBS Lab Investigations

A stool test is the analysis of a sample of stool. The health care provider will give the person a container for catching and storing the stool. The sample is returned to the health care provider or a commercial facility and sent to a lab for analysis. The health care provider may also do a rectal exam, sometimes during the physical exam, to check for blood in the stool. Stool tests can show the presence of parasites or blood.

A lower GI series is an x ray that is used to look at the large intestine. The test is performed at a hospital or an outpatient center by an x-ray technician, and the images are interpreted by a radiologist—a doctor who specializes in medical imaging. Anesthesia is not needed. The health care provider may give written bowel prep instructions to follow at home before the test. The person may be asked to follow a clear liquid diet for 1 to 3 days before the procedure. A laxative or an enema may be used before the test. A laxative is medication that loosens stool and increases bowel movements. An enema involves flushing water or laxative into the anus using a special squirt bottle.

For the test, the person will lie on a table while the radiologist inserts a flexible tube into the person’s anus. The large intestine is filled with barium, making signs of underlying problems show up more clearly on x rays.

For several days, traces of barium in the large intestine cause stools to be white or light colored. Enemas and frequent bowel movements may cause anal soreness. A health care provider will provide specific instructions about eating and drinking after the test.

Flexible sigmoidoscopy and colonoscopy are similar, although colonoscopy is used to view the rectum and entire colon, while flexible sigmoidoscopy is used to view just the rectum and lower colon. These tests are performed at a hospital or an outpatient center by a gastroenterologist — a doctor who specializes in digestive diseases. Before either test, a health care provider will give written bowel prep instructions to follow at home. The person may be asked to follow a clear liquid diet for 1 to 3 days before either test. The night before either test, the person may need to take a laxative or one or more enemas. One or more enemas may also be required about 2 hours before a flexible sigmoidoscopy.


In most cases, light anesthesia and possibly pain medication help people relax during colonoscopy. For either test, the person will lie on a table while the gastroenterologist inserts a flexible tube into the anus. A small camera on the tube sends a video image of the intestinal lining to a computer screen. The tests can show signs of problems in the lower GI tract.






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1 comment:

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Irritable Bowel Syndrome (IBS)





Irritable Bowel Syndrome (IBS)

Irritable bowel syndrome* (IBS) is a “syndrome,” meaning a group of symptoms. The most common symptoms of IBS are abdominal pain or discomfort often reported as cramping, bloating, gas, diarrhoea, and/or constipation. IBS affects the colon, or large bowel, which is the part of the digestive tract that stores stool.

IBS is not a disease. It’s a functional disorder, meaning that the bowel doesn’t work, or function, correctly.


Causes of IBS

Doctors are not sure what causes IBS. The nerves and muscles in the bowel appear to be extra sensitive in people with IBS. Muscles may contract too much when you eat. These contractions can cause cramping and diarrhoea during or shortly after a meal. Or the nerves may react when the bowel stretches, causing cramping or pain.

IBS can be painful. But it does not damage the colon or other parts of the digestive system. IBS does not lead to other health problems.


Symptoms of IBS

The main symptoms of IBS are

· Abdominal pain or discomfort in the abdomen, often relieved by or associated with a bowel movement

· Chronic diarrhoea, constipation, or a combination of both

Other symptoms are

· Whitish mucus in the stool

· A swollen or bloated abdomen

· The feeling that you have not finished a bowel movement

Women with IBS often have more symptoms during their menstrual periods.


Diet Changes

Some foods and drinks make IBS worse.

Foods and drinks that may cause or worsen symptoms include

  • Fatty foods, like French fries
  • Milk products, like cheese or ice cream
  • Chocolate
  • Alcohol
  • Caffeinated drinks, like coffee and some sodas
  • Carbonated drinks like soda


To find out which foods are a problem,

Keep a diary that tracks

  • what you eat during the day
  • what symptoms you have
  • when symptoms occur
  • what foods always make you feel sick Take your notes to the doctor to see if certain foods trigger your symptoms or make them worse. If so, you should avoid eating these foods or eat less of them.


Some foods make IBS better.

Fiber may reduce the constipation associated with IBS because it makes stool soft and easier to pass. However, some people with IBS who have more sensitive nerves may feel a bit more abdominal discomfort after adding more fiber to their diet. Fiber is found in foods such as breads, cereals, beans, fruits, and vegetables.

Examples of foods with fiber include

Fruits- apples, peaches

Vegetables- broccoli (raw), carrots (raw), cabbage, peas

Breads, cereals, and beans- kidney beans, lima beans, whole-grain bread, whole-grain cereal


Does stress cause IBS?

Emotional stress does not cause IBS. But people with IBS may have their bowels react more to stress. So, if you already have IBS, stress can make your symptoms worse.


Stress Relief

Learning to reduce stress can help with IBS. With less stress, you may find you have less cramping

it easier to manage your symptoms.

Meditation, exercise, hypnosis, and counselling may help. You may need to try different activities to see what works best for you.


Points to Remember

IBS means your bowel doesn’t work the right way.

IBS can cause cramping, bloating, gas, diarrhoea, and constipation.

IBS doesn’t damage the bowel or lead to other health problems.

The doctor will diagnose IBS based on your symptoms. You may need to have medical tests to rule out other health problems.

Stress doesn’t cause IBS, but it can make your symptoms worse.

Fatty foods, milk products, chocolate, alcohol, and caffeinated and carbonated drinks can trigger symptoms.

Eating foods with fiber and eating small meals throughout the day may reduce symptoms.

Treatment for IBS may include medicine, stress relief, and changes in eating habits


Treatment

Homoeopathic methods of treatment have effective medicines for IBS, and also relieves mental fag because of IBS


For Homoeopathic treatment

Please click following link

http://treatmentt.blogspot.com/2009/11/irritable-bowel-syndrome-ibs-treatment.html


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